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What are the common Korean terms and customs used in Hapkido?

Posted on January 1, 2011

While commands and terms will vary between Hapkido organisations and schools, some of the more common  Korean words used in Hapkido are listed below, along with their translation.

These are the most basic terms, those you are most likely to encounter in your first few weeks of training.  Naturally there are many more that the student will pick up along the way, depending on their school.  The customs explained below are the most basic and common adopted , once again, they will depend on the school.

Terms

Commands

English Korean English Korean

Uniform

Do-bok

Attention

Charyot

Hapkido School

Do-jang

Pay respect to flags

Kukki ae Kyong-nye

Teacher, 4th Dan

Sa-bom-nim

Return

Pa-ro

Thank you

Kamsa hum-ni-da

Pay respect (bow)

Kyong-nye

The Martial Arts Way

Mu-do

Rest

Shwi-o

Self-Defence Technique

Ho-shin-sul

Ready

Joon-bi

Shout

Ki-hap

Begin

Shi-jak

 

Stop Ko-man

Counting

Basic Technique Names

English Korean English Korean
One Hanna Jya Jas-ay Left Stance
Two Dol Ooh Jas-ay Right Stance
Three Se-t Punching Kwon Sool
Four Ne-t Kicking Pal Chagi
Five Da-sot Hand Grab technique Son baegi
Six Yo-sot Blocking & Striking Makko Chigi
Seven Il-gup Basic Technique Kibonsul
Eight Yo-dol Break Fall Nak bup
Nine A-hop Striking Chigi
Ten Yol Breathing Exercise (Tan-Jon) Ho-Bup
Front Kick Ap Chagi
First Il Bon Side Kick Yop Chagi
Second Ee Bon Turning Kick Chigga Chagi
Third Sam Bon Shin Kick Antari Chagi
Fourth Sa Bon Gurro Chagi Low Hook Kick
Jukie Chagi Groin Kick
Morup Chagi Knee Kick

Customs

Bow at the door on entering and leaving the dojang. Bow to training partner at beginning and end of practice.
Bow to the instructor at beginning and end of class. No shoes on dojang floor, unless special training shoes.
Bow to the national flags at beginning and end of class. Uniform must be clean, neat and tidy.